After you complete your wood staining project, a pile of smelly and messy waste is not what you want to think about. However, the proper and safe disposal of the staining rags is not what you can ignore.
Here we are to share some simple hacks on how to dispose of stain rags safely.
How to dispose of staining rags safely?
Staining rags refer to hazardous waste since they contain highly flammable materials. This rule is also true for the materials that are used for cleaning up mineral spirits, paints, spirit-based finishes, and other hazardous substances.
According to the National Fire Protection Association, lots of fire cases are related to spontaneous combustion that is caused by improperly disposed chemicals such as oil-based products, linseed oil, mineral spirits, and others.
Keep in mind that the exact type of stains you work with always matters.
The oil-based products are extremely flammable, so the used rags bring a high potential hazard if you just throw them away in the outdoor trash. Besides, they can be toxic while emitting chemicals in the air.
However, the water-based products are much safer to use and dispose of.
There are two ways to safely dispose of stain rags:
- Drying them out
- Soaking them in water
Always use protective gear and keep a fire extinguisher nearby!
Oil-soaked rags are especially hazardous during the drying process. If they are carelessly left to dry out, there is a high risk of spontaneous combustion. To avoid that, a key point is to let the staining rags dry safely.
#1. Separate the oily rags
Take each single rag separately from each other. Keep in mind that oil-based products are extremely combustible! While drying in a pile or even in pairs, oily rags create extra layers that can easily trap heat between them. So, avoid any contact with the same surfaces so as not to create an extra risk of combustion.
#2. Spread the rags freely
Next, you need to spread the rags on a non-combustible surface or hang them in a well-ventilated area.
If you choose hanging, place each rag separately on the wire or over the edge of a metal container.
The key point is to choose the non-combustible unit that comes in contact with the rags.
In case you prefer to spread rags on a flat surface, that must be a non-combustible surface that is located in a well-ventilated area. It can be a concrete floor or gravel pavement.
Lay all the rags out separately, in a single layer. Spread them perfectly flat as any extra folds can create the risk of combustion. Then, leave them air-dry for no less than 48 hours. The drying period can vary depending on the type of stain you use. Some oil-based substances are prone to dry out quickly, the others can take more time to dry completely.
Make sure that you choose a safe area! Keep the rags away from the direct sunlight, open flames, or any heat sources. Place a fire extinguisher near the drying area in case of any unpredictable fire hazards.
Besides, proper drying is crucial to prevent any mold growth on the rag surface and in the drying area.
#3. Check the dry rags
When the rags are completely dry, they become stiff and safe. Check out the oil smell. If you can still feel it, let the rags dry until the smell disappears.
#4. Get rid of the dried rags
Although the rags are already dry, you can’t just throw them carelessly.
Consult with your local public works department to know the exact rules of hazardous waste disposal.
Depending on your town, you can either place the rags in the trash can or provide special handling for this type of waste.
If you can’t dispose of the rags at once, keep them in a sealed plastic bag. Place this bag into a dark, dry, and cool place to prevent it from ignition.
One more way to properly dispose of staining rags safely is to submerge them in water.
#1. Prepare a metal container
Find a proper metal container where you can place the rags. It can be an old paint can or any other metal container that you are not going to use anymore.
#2. Submerge the rags in water
Put the rags in the container. You can fix them with several rocks to prevent floating on the water’s surface.
Fill the container with clean cold water. Be sure to fill it up to the brim to immerse the rags completely.
#3. Seal the container
Get a tight-fitting lid to cover and seal the container securely so that no air can get trapped inside.
Mark the can with the flammable materials label, or just write it on the well-visible area.
You can add some extra protection by placing the can into a sealed plastic bag that creates an additional barrier and prevents oxidation.
#4. Get rid of the sealed container
Now, you can safely dispose of the well-sealed rags. Consult with your local regulations to find out how to do it legally and properly.
If you can’t get rid of the sealed rags right now, keep them in a safe place, dry and cool, where you can keep them away from direct sunlight, heat sources, and flammable materials.
What do you do with rags after staining wood?
The proper disposal of stain rags is always crucial. Being fire-hazardous waste, they must be disposed of safely.
The disposal tips also depend on the type of stain you use. As for the oil-based stains, the caution tips include properly drying the rags out or soaking them in water.
If you work with water-based stains, the rags are much safer to get rid of as they are not so hazardous. The water-based stains don’t have flammable components that can create a potential fire hazard.
Don’t try to wash and reuse the stain rags!
As for the washing tips, you can’t place them in the washing machine so as not to damage it with the oily components and create extra hazards for the next washing sessions.
As for reusing the oily rags, the washed materials finally get very stiff, so they are too hard to use again.
Can you throw away dry stain rags?
By no means you can throw the dry staining rags away without any extra cautious measures.
Since the stain rags are soaked in such flammable substances as petroleum distillates, varnishes, and oils, you can’t just throw them in the trash can.
As for the oily rags, you have to dry them out safely before throwing them away. According to your local laws, you can either throw away the properly dried waste or seal it before disposal.
Can stain rags combust when dry?
Yes, they can. When the rags soaked in the oil-based stains start drying, this process is related to heat production. The oxygen exposure can make even the dry staining rags spontaneously combust.
The proper way to dispose of rags that are soaked in oil-based products is to dry them out properly. Consult with the drying guide above to make everything correct.
Can you soak stain rags in water?
Submerging the oily rags in water is a good idea to make them safer.
Place the rags in the metal container, and fill it with water completely. Make sure they are fully submerged in water, so there are no dry areas left over the waterline. Seal the can securely and place it in the plastic bag. Now, you can dispose of this type of hazardous waste safely.
As you can see, hazardous waste disposal is a crucial point. Don’t ignore the safety tips when getting rid of the used flammable materials!